Climate change and environmental deterioration represents critical challenges to Europe and the rest of the world. To address these pressing issues, the European Union has embarked on a major economic transformation. This evolution aims to create a modern, resource-efficient, and competitive economy, with fundamental objectives: achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, promote economic growth independent of resource use, and promoting social inclusion by ensuring that no one is left behind. At the heart of this transformation are the financing mechanisms established by the EU.